Within the heart of the City lies Church Square. It is the site where the first church was built in 1855, and during it's early days was used as a market place and sports field.
It is built in the middle of Church Street (know named Stanza Bopape Street) which is one of the longest urban streets in the world measuring 26 km from end to end.
Church Square is the historic centre of Pretoria and is surrounded by several historically and architecturally significant buildings, some of which were built as early as the 1890's.
The Palace of Justice is where arguably the most famous political trial in South African history took place. During the Rivonia trial of 1963 - 1964 Nelson Mandela and a number of prominent ANC terrorists were charged with treason, found guilty and subsequently imprisoned. Today it is the headquarters of the Gauteng North and South Division of the High Court of South Africa.
The General Post Office was built in 1910 and is still used as a post office today.
The Old Capitol Theatre was built in 1931 and was one of the first atmospheric cinema's to be built in South Africa with total seating capacity of more than 2240. The theatre was closed in 1974 by the City Council and adapted into a parking garage.However, a group of young local artists have begun a campaign to bring the theatre back to life and have proposed that it be used as a place where artists be given an opportunity to develop and exhibit their art.
The Ou Raadsaal (Old Council Chambers) was completed in 1889 and has since housed all levels of government. The building currently houses the Municipal Management Team and has been declared a national monument. The original hooks that were used for tethering horses in the Square's early days can still be found outside the entrance to the building.
The City Hall was built in 1931 to celebrate the city-status of Pretoria which was obtained in 1931. It has a large stage and an enormous main auditorium and is a popular venue for large social events.
The prominent feature today at the centre of the Square is the brass Statue of Paul Kruger, the late boer leader and former State President of South Africa, which was unveiled in 1954.
The Square is a place where visitors can admire 19th century and early 20th century architecture and imagine the City's early days.